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In a middle of a continuous news of wars and death there is a hope with the beginning of the withdrawal of the Kurdish rebels from Turkey to northern Iraq, a move that can end 30 years of fighting that have claimed tenths of thousands of lives.
The Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), following instructions from its leader in prison, Abdullah Ocalan, engaged in talks with the turkish government, declared a cease-fire in March and then a deadline to the pullout of the fighters from the turkish territory that began on Wednesday. This can make it easiest the conversations to reach a peace agreement and maybe as the PKK is asking the release of Mr. Ocalan.
All this still a very frail situation, because in a previous try in 2009 a fight erupted and all failed. This time however, the situation seems better. The Kurds in Turkey are looking for more autonomy and more rights for their people, but this time it seems they would try to reach that negotiating with the government of Mr. Erdogan. Let’s hope it will go smoothly and really the fighters leave Turkey and there is peace and talks instead violence and no way to agreements. It is a great political challenge for Mr. Erdogan who faces opposition, and also for Mr. Ocalan if he is really ready to leave the weapons in his strategy.
The PKK rejected a Turkish government demand that they lay down arms before leaving the Turkish territory and its commander, Murat Karayilan, has said that the group won’t disarm until Turkey enacts democratic reforms increasing the rights of Kurds and introduces an amnesty for all imprisoned rebels, including Ocalan. according Al Jazeera.
The problem of the Kurds are that they are minorities in various states of the Region across borders, Eastern Turkey, northern Iraq, northwestern Iran, and northern Syria and have problems in all of them except maybe the kurdish autonomy in Iraq. Another bad heritage of WWI. Some of the Kurds parties still fighting for a Kurdistan state in the Region for all of them, and others work for achieving autonomies where their rights are guarantees within the borders of the states they are living in.