As the regular army intensifies its attacks on Aleppo, it is targeting Syrian media and news providers. A citizen-journalist was shot dead by an army sniper yesterday and two news media were destroyed by army shelling last weekend, according Reporters Without Borders
Yesterday’s victim was Mohamed Ahmed Taysir Bellou (also known as Mohamed Al-Andani), who was the editor of Al-Shahba TV, a reporter for the Shahba Press agency and the Ahrar Souria brigade’s media bureau chief. An army sniper shot him in the neck as he was covering fighting near intelligence department offices in the Aleppo district of Lairmoon.
The two news media whose premises were bombarded by the regular army within the space of 48 hours were Aleppo News Network (or Halap News Network – HNN) and the Aleppo Media Centre.
HNN’s offices in Nafiza (in the Sheikh Najjar industrial zone north of Aleppo) were badly damaged when targeted by the regular army at around midday on 17 November. No one was injured but activists said they had intercepted army communications saying HNN had to be targeted “because these information activist dogs are in the building.”
Missiles with high-energy explosives were fired at the Aleppo Media Centre in the district of Al-Miyasar on 16 November, destroying the centre and injuring the four people who were inside at the time. They included Fadi Al-Halabi and Mohamed Tayed (both AMC employees) and Hassan Qattan, an information activist. Halabi told Reporters Without Borders that regime supporters had threatened him on Facebook.
Meanwhile in Damascus, the independent journalist Omar Al-Shaar was kidnapped from his home in the southwestern suburb of Jaramana on 11 November by government intelligence officials, who took his computer and the computer of his wife, a lawyer. Shaar is a professional journalist who has edited the English-language section of the independent DP-Press News website since 2011.
At the same time, Reporters Without Borders has noted a marked increased in abductions of Syrian news providers by armed groups in and near the city of Aleppo since the start of November. At least five Syrian citizen-journalists have been kidnapped in the past three weeks.
“The increased pace of abductions is extremely disturbing,” said Reporters Without Borders, which published a report entitled “Journalism in Syria, impossible job?” on 6 November. The headquarters of two news media were also destroyed by regular army bombardments last weekend.
More than 20 Syrian news providers are currently held hostage while a total of 16 foreign journalists are detained, held hostage or missing, among them the Spanish reporter Marc Marginedas.
The latest kidnap victim was the citizen-journalist Ahmed Bremo, who was abducted by gunmen in the Aleppo district of Zebdiya on 16 November.
Two days before that, around 30 gunmen stormed into the office of the Zaman Al-Wasl news website in Aleppo on the evening of 14 November looking for one of its reporters, Ra’fat Al-Rifaei, and seized some of his equipment when they failed to find him.
Rifaei, who has been in hiding ever since, told the site he thought their intrusion was prompted by articles he had written. He added that he had received many threats, especially since the citizen-journalist Abdul Wahhab Al-Mulla’s abduction the previous week.
Five men kidnapped Jomaa Musa, also known as the “Joyful Media Activist,” from his home in the Aleppo district of Hanano on 12 November
Abdul Wahab Al-Mulla, a citizen-journalist who is one of the founders of the Aleppo News Networkand the Aleppo Reporters Union, was kidnapped by gunmen from his home in the Aleppo district of Hanano on 7 November.
A critic of both the Assad regime and armed opposition groups, he hosts a programme called “3-Star Revolution” on the “Halab Al-Youm” (Aleppo Today) TV station, in which he has repeatedly criticized abuses by Islamist groups.
Ziad Homsi, a photographer based in the Damascus suburb of Duma who works for Basma and the magazine Henta, was kidnapped on 28 October at a checkpoint north of Aleppo controlled by Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS) as he was returning from Turkey.
Al-Arabiya TV correspondent Mohamed Saeed Al-Khatib was fatally shot outside his home in the Aleppo district of Hraitan on 29 October by three gunmen, who initially tried to kidnap him. He was shot three times, including one shot to the head.
It seems that Khatib, who used to work for Orient TV, was murdered because of the views he expressed publicly about the abduction of three former Orient TV colleagues – Obaida Batal,Hussam and Aboud – outside his home on 25 July. He had known ever since that he was under threat.
Syrian news providers are fleeing the country in large numbers because of the threat from the ISIS. More than ten have sought refuge in Turkey since the start of the month. Many of those still in Syria have stopped working for fear of ISIS reprisals.
The only media that the ISIS tolerates are those that publish or broadcast the information or communiqués approved by their emirs. In its view, all other media must be silenced and their employees must be killed, according to reporters Without Borders.